Dental problems such as toothaches, cold sores, abscesses and tooth decays affect a lot of people including people with special needs. Special needs dentistry also known as special care dentistry is a branch of dentistry that is concerned with oral problems of people who require special care including those with intellectual disability as well as those with other medical, physical or sensory, emotional, social or psychological problems.
A person wishing to practice special needs dentistry like Smiles By Design does, needs additional three years of postgraduate training after the attainment of their dental degree and some experience in dental care. This will earn them board certification and fellowship from the relevant authorities in special care dentistry such as the American Board of Special Care Dentistry. Specialist treatment is being introduced in different areas and other courses for dental nurses, hygienists and therapists to enable them cater for these people with special needs. Specialist in special needs dentistry can work in both private practice or in government health services.
A pediatric dentist is a specialist who has extensive training and a considerable experience in caring and treating children`s oral health. This discipline focuses on child psychology, management and every aspect of highly specialized pediatric restorative methods and modalities. For example, some specialize in dealing with special needs of patients who have autism, mental retardation and cerebral palsy. Pediatric dentistry puts more emphasize in nurturing of trust and confidence between the children and the specialist. The major component of training is children psychology. This is manifested in pediatric dentist communication style, office special designs and their focus on preventive dental care training to the parents.
The pediatric dentists have vast experiences and they are highly qualified in providing care for the children`s gums, teeth and mouth through various stages of their childhood. Further, he provides a range of services such as preventive care, education concerning children’s nutrition that helps a child to grow healthy teeth, sealants to teeth, coloring, fillings, fluoride treatment and early interceptive orthodontics. Pediatric dentist helps the children to build a healthy smile in their formative years and ensures the children have a healthy development and growth. In addition, he able to diagnose children`s dental concerns at earlier stages, thus helping the parents to avoid a more extensive and costly correction dental procedures for their children later in life.
A pediatric dentist puts a special focus in prevention of children`s teeth decay. This is important because of various studies that indicate poor children oral health care can undermine their academic performance and greatly impairs their social relationship. Hence, pediatric dentist advices the parents on how to help their children in growing strong and healthy teeth and the need of healthy eating habits and how to prevent teeth diseases. Moreover, pediatric dentist ensures that the children`s primary teeth are in good condition until they are lost naturally. This is due to the fact that the primary teeth play a very important role in allowing the children to chew various foods and thus maintaining good nutrition. In addition, the primary teeth play an important role in children speech development and maintain a space for eventual growth of the permanent teeth.
Good dental hygiene of the children is wholly dependent on team work involving the parents and pediatric dentist in order to maintain the children`s health and bright smile in their lifetime. Parents need to know that as the child grow up from their infancy to their teens. Also, their dental needs changes. Further, role of the dental specialist changes as the children enters adolescence. Recognizing the increasing needs for their patient’s self-image and appearance, a pediatric dentist works to guarantee that the adolescent’s dental needs are taken care of.
Individual dental care is really important for a person’s general hygiene. But a visit to the dentist can fill some people with trepidation.
There are many types of dentist roles and here we look at a few of them.
Firstly there is the pediatric dentist. To become a pediatric dentist you must first get a dentist degree and then study for an extra two years to attain your pediatric dentistry license. Without this license you cannot practice nor profess to be a pediatric dentist. The pediatric dentist role is mainly the oral care of children and adolescents.
Second we have the special care dentist. To become a special care dentist you must study for 3 more years after your dentist degree. This role involves the oral care and treatment of those people that have special needs whether it is medical, physical, emotional or social needs.
Thirdly there is the forensic dentist. This role is slightly different as it involves being called upon to testify in court cases some of the time. These dentists tend to specialize in examining and evaluating evidence for legal cases.
These dentist’s can spend a lot of time checking dental records and dental structure to determine who certain people are when their identity is under question. They can also attain dental evidence in certain cases of malpractice.
Another dentist is the cosmetic dentist. This role involves the aesthetic side of dentistry. The cosmetic dentist tends to concentrate on shaping and forming teeth to give a more aesthetic look to people face. Their roles also include bleaching and whitening of teeth.
For the older people among us there is the geriatric dentist. These dentists’s normally diagnose and try to prevent any problems with the oral care of the elderly.